A deposition is the taking of an oral statement while under oath before trial. It is taken in the presence of a court reporter who transcribes the testimony word for word. A deposition does not take place in court. It is usually conducted at the office of a court reporter or attorney. A deposition has several purposes including to find out what the witness knows and to solidify what the witness will testify to at trial. I meet with all of my clients for at least one hour prior to their deposition to review their case and make sure the understand the deposition process.